The Rome Agreement ICC: Understanding the Basics
The International Criminal Court (ICC) is an intergovernmental organization that was established to investigate and prosecute individuals accused of committing the most serious crimes of concern to the international community, such as genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes.
One of the most significant achievements of the ICC was the adoption of the Rome Statute, which is the treaty that established the court. The Rome Statute entered into force on July 1, 2002, and has been ratified by 123 countries to date.
In addition to the Rome Statute, the ICC has also entered into various agreements with states and other organizations to facilitate its work. One such agreement is the Rome Agreement, which was signed in 2004 by the ICC and the United Nations.
The Rome Agreement aims to enhance cooperation between the ICC and the United Nations in areas such as the exchange of information and the provision of logistical support. It also seeks to strengthen the relationship between the ICC and the UN Security Council, which has the power to refer cases to the ICC and to request the court to defer or suspend investigations or prosecutions.
Under the Rome Agreement, the ICC and the UN agree to cooperate in several areas, including the exchange of information and evidence, the provision of protection and security for ICC personnel, and the facilitation of the transfer of sentenced persons to their home countries.
The agreement also establishes a framework for the ICC to seek assistance from the UN or from individual states in conducting investigations or prosecutions. For example, if the ICC needs access to a witness who is located in a country that is not a party to the Rome Statute, it may request that the UN or another state facilitate the witness`s travel to the ICC`s headquarters in The Hague, Netherlands.
Overall, the Rome Agreement is an important tool for the ICC in carrying out its mandate to investigate and prosecute perpetrators of the most serious crimes of concern to the international community. By enhancing cooperation between the ICC and the UN, the agreement helps to ensure that the court has the resources and support it needs to carry out its work effectively and efficiently.
In conclusion, the Rome Agreement is an essential component of the ICC`s efforts to achieve justice for victims of the most serious crimes. Through its provisions on cooperation and support, the agreement helps the ICC to carry out its mandate more effectively and to ensure that perpetrators of these crimes are held accountable for their actions. As the ICC continues to pursue justice around the world, the Rome Agreement will remain an essential tool for its work.